The geographical characteristics of Matanzas with low or very low coastal areas make it the most vulnerable province of Cuba to the effects of climate change.
Reflection of this are realities such as the retreat of the coastline with an average of up to 1.2 meters per year, especially on the beaches of the north coast; the increase of the submerged urban area during the occurrence of extreme weather events observed in Boca de Camarioca, Varadero, Santa Marta and Cárdenas.
To this fragility is added the loss of the built heritage associated with facilities for the tourist exploitation of the beaches, mainly in Varadero, and other important ones such as the Antonio Guiteras thermoelectric plant.
Other affectations have to do with the coastal aquifers open to the sea, where the irrigation of rice plans, other agricultural objectives and supply to the population, both to the south and north of the province, is committed.
Reasons why in Matanzas the State Plan for Confronting Climate Change (Task Life), approved by the Council of Ministers on April 25th, 2017, constitutes an integral action in priority areas and areas to reduce development vulnerabilities Economic and social
Hence, entities such as Hydraulic Resources, Agriculture, AZCUBA, Physical Planning, Housing, Roads and Real Estate of MINTUR, the Antonio Guiteras Thermoelectric, Community Services and the Ministry of Higher Education, are involved in this mission.In this sense, the work system implemented allowed to develop in this 2019 technical sessions to advise the specialists and managers of the different entities involved in the plan, execute works and socialize the best results.
In the process of evaluating the implementation of the State Plan during the year 2019 in the province it was found that there is a lack of uniformity in the response of the sectors and territories. The information provided does not in all cases have the same precision and quality.
There is also difficulty in identifying and distinguishing those actions related to the adaptation and mitigation of climate change, from others that have to do with environmental policies and protection of natural resources.
The participation of Social Sciences is also insufficient to advance in the increase of knowledge and perception by Cubans and Cubans about the impacts of climate change and the adequate involvement of society in response measures.